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Thyroid Disorders in Pregnancy
- Hypothyroidism —the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone
- Hyperthyroidism —the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone
|The Thyroid Gland|
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- Inadequate treatment of pre-existing hypothyroidism
- Overtreatment of hyperthyroidism
- Goiter in the front of your neck
- Dry skin
- Slow heartbeat
- Weight gain
- Intolerance to cold
- Increase the risk of miscarriage and fetal death
- Low birth weight
- Unexplained weight loss
- Heart palpitations or abnormal heart rhythm
- Protruding eyes
- Intolerance to heat
- Trouble sleeping
- Heart failure
- Premature birth and low birth weight
- Fetal hyperthyroidism
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
American Thyroid Association http://www.thyroid.org
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
Thyroid Foundation of Canada http://www.thyroid.ca
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Thyroid disease in pregnancy. Practice Bulletin No. 37 . August 2002 (reaffirmed 2013).
Graves’ disease. American Thyroid Association website. Available at: http://www.thyroid.org/patients/brochures/Graves%5Fbrochure.pdf . Published 2012. Accessed June 10, 2013.
Hashimoto’s disease. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/hashimotos-disease.html . Updated November 2010. Accessed June 10, 2013.
Pregnancy and thyroid disease. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service website. Avialable at: http://www.endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/pregnancy . Updated March 23, 2013. Accessed June 10, 2013.
Torpy J, Lynm C, et al. Hyperthyroidism. JAMA . 2005;294(1):146.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014
- Update Date: 05/28/2014