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In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): Reasons for the Procedure
- The man and woman must produce healthy sperm and healthy eggs.
- The woman’s fallopian tubes must be functioning properly to allow the sperm to reach the egg.
- The sperm must be healthy so that they can fertilize the egg when they meet.
- The fertilized egg (embryo) must move down the fallopian tube to implant in the woman's uterus.
- The embryo must be healthy to sustain the pregnancy.
- Sufficient hormonal support by the mother must be present.
- Are under age 35 and have not been able to get pregnant after a year of unprotected sex timed to match ovulation
- Are age 35 or older and have not been able to get pregnant after six months of unprotected sex timed to match ovulation
- Have reason to believe you or your partner may have fertility problems, even before trying to get pregnant
- Hormone tests
- Basal body temperature and ovulation analyses
- Ultrasound and/or x-rays of the reproductive organs, dye may be injected into the uterus
- Laparoscopy in women
- Semen analysis in men
Assisted reproductive technology: home. The Centers for Disease Control website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ART/index.htm . Updated August 1, 2012. Accessed October 23, 2012.
In vitro fertilization: IVF. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/infertility/ivf.html . Updated May 2007. Accessed October 23, 2012.
Infertility. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated August 23, 2012. Accessed October 23, 2012.
IVF/ART. National Infertility Association website. Available at: http://www.resolve.org/family-building-options/ivf-art.html . Accessed October 23, 2012.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 01/15/2014