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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
(Hyperbaric Oxygenation; Hyperbarics; Hyperbaric Medicine; HBOT; HBO2)
Reasons for Procedure
- An air bubble (embolism) which gets into the circulatory system and blocks blood flow
- Decompression sickness, which can occur when divers or miners come to the surface too quickly
- Carbon monoxide poisoning
- Wound healing, especially in patients with poor circulation
- Radiation therapy injuries following treatment for cancer
- Skin grafts, flaps, or burns
|Carbon Monoxide Poisoning|
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- Mild discomfort
- Nearsightedness (myopia), which can last for weeks or months
- Sinus damage, ruptured middle ear, or lung damage
- Damage to the ear drum (tympanic membrane)
- Oxygen toxicity, which can cause seizures, fluid in the lungs, or respiratory failure
- Worsening symptoms or increased risk for lung problems in people with congestive heart failure or lung disease
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Wear comfortable clothes.
- Bring a book or an activity that you can do in the chamber.
Description of the Procedure
- Relax and breathe normally.
- If your ears pop or you have discomfort, tell the technician. She may be able to lower the pressure.
- Swallow or blow with your nose pinched to relieve discomfort.
- After getting to the right pressure, place a clear plastic hood or mask over your head. This will deliver oxygen to you.
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
Call Your Doctor
- Discomfort or pain in your sinuses or ears
- Onset of seizures
- Vision problems
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
Divers Alert Network http://www.diversalertnetwork.org
The Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society http://www.uhms.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Healthy U http://www.healthyalberta.com
Greensmith. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy. University of Iowa Virtual Hospital website. Available at: http://www.uihealthcare.org/hyperbaricmedicine/. Updated August 2007. Accessed September 7, 2009.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ETO/content/ETO%5F5%5F3x%5FHyperbaric%5Foxygen%5Ftherapy.asp?sitearea=ETO. Updated November 2008. Accessed September 7, 2009.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Mayo Clinic.com website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy/MY00829. Updated October 2009. Accessed November 18, 2010.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 00/11/2014