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(Sialadenitis; Salivary Gland Infection)
- Acute—inflammation that resolves with treatment
- Chronic—includes persistent inflammation or alternating periods of flare-ups and remission
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- Bacterial infection
- Viral infection
- Blockage of saliva flow
- Dehydration and/or malnutrition
- Recent surgery
- Increased age
- Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer
- Medical conditions, such as:
- Blocked saliva flow, resulting from:
- Salivary stone in the parotid gland
- Mucus plug in a salivary duct
- Tumor—usually benign
- Psychiatric conditions, such as depression or eating disorders
- Use of certain medications
- Poor oral hygiene
- Swelling in front of your ears, below your jaw, or on the floor of your mouth
- Dry mouth
- Strange or foul taste in your mouth
- Pus draining into the mouth
- Mouth or facial pain, especially when you are eating or opening your mouth
- Fever, chills, and other signs of infection
Good Oral Hygiene
- Antibiotics for bacterial infections (antibiotics are not effective for viral infections)
- Anti-inflammatory drugs to manage inflammation and pain
- Get prompt treatment for any infections.
- See your dentist for proper oral care as recommended.
- Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day to avoid dehydration.
- Receive the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination if you have not yet been vaccinated
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Library of Medicine http://www.nlm.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Acute suppurative parotitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 21, 2010. Accessed August 28, 2014.
Cain A. Parotitis. Net Doctor website. Available at: http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/parotitis.htm. Updated October 4, 2005. Accessed August 28, 2014.
Chitre VV, Premchandra DJ. Review: recurrent parotitis. Arch Dis Child. 1997;77:359-363.
- Reviewer: Fabienne Daguilh, MD
- Review Date: 06/2014
- Update Date: 05/11/2013